In recent years, ambitious targets have been established by the EU and Member States in order to tackle the issues of air pollution and climate change. Building on the Paris Agreement objective to keep global temperature rise to well below 2°C, the European Commission has proposed to achieve climate neutrality by 2050 as part of the European Green Deal. As cities across Europe implement measures to achieve ambitious environmental strategies, there is pressure on the transport sector to decarbonise as fast as possible.
Hydrogen and other electrofuels like ammonia or ekerosene are vital for supplying zero-emission fuels to long-distance transport sectors like shipping and aviation. By the end of 2021, the EU will decide on new rules for the production of hydrogen and other electrofuels, the so-called Renewable Fuels of Non-Biological Origin. However, hydrogen produced via electrolysis is only as clean as the electricity used to produce it. This briefing details the key elements that should be introduced under the Renewable Energy Directive for these Renewable Fuels of Non-Biological Origin. Their climate impacts are addressed, as well as their impact on land and water. The impacts are not only relevant in the EU, but also in countries who could export these electrofuels to the EU.
The European Commission is set to revise the car CO2 regulation in June. T&E sets out its position on how and why it needs to be strengthened so that Europe can take the lead on electric vehicles.
E-kerosene, sometimes known as efuels and synthetic kerosene, have the potential to substantially reduce the climate impact of aviation, one of the most carbon intensive sectors of the economy. However much confusion remains about these fuels, including how we can ensure they are sustainable, and how we can ensure their deployment in the aviation sector.
This FAQ seeks to answer these questions, and is published as the European Union drafts legislation to bring about an uptake of Sustainable Advanced Fuels (SAFs), known as its ReFuelEU paper.
As this FAQ details, deploying e-kerosene to the aviation sector is essential, but will require strong regulatory action here in Europe.
T&E supports the Commission’s initiative to develop a carbon pricing scheme for the maritime sector as it sends a clear signal to the market that polluters need to pay. Crucially, the maritime ETS will raise revenues that will be essential for deploying sustainable zero-carbon technologies and fuels in shipping. As global shipping will require between $70-90 billion in annual investments over the next 20 years to fully decarbonise by 2050, a dedicated support scheme for the maritime sector should be set up. This T&E briefing outlines how this can be done.