In October 2016, parties to the UN’s International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) agreed to adopt a global market-based mechanism to offset aviation emissions above 2020 levels. T&E views this is a small step forward to address aviation emissions, but well short of what is required to ensure this rapidly growing sector contributes to the goals of the Paris agreement. We set out our views in more detail here.
This study shows that, in the period 2008 to 2011, a time before CO2 standards for trucks came into effect in the US, truck prices increased but fuel efficiency remained broadly static. Coming into force in 2011, standards ensured the deployment of fuel saving technologies and brought about a 24% fuel efficiency gain from 2011 to 2017.
The inception impact assessment focuses too much on the 2030 energy and climate targets only. Even if 2030 targets are important, they were set in 2014, before the Paris Agreement was signed. At that time, the European Union had a soft target for the transport sector to reduce its transport related emissions by 60% compared to 1990 (2011 Transport White Paper). However, the success of COP21 changed it all. Almost all countries in the planet agreed to limit climate change to 2 degrees, and to pursue efforts toward limiting warming to 1.5 degrees.
Light commercial vehicles, or vans, are a neglected area of EU road transport policy as they are often exempt from safety and environmental policy such as driving regulations or tolls, compared to their direct competitors, trucks. This enhances their attractiveness and in part explains why their use and emissions are growing. CO2 standards for van makers are much weaker than for cars, as a result van makers do not deploy the same efficient and innovative technologies to vans to lower their emissions.
Transport is Europe’s biggest climate problem, representing 27% of the bloc’s greenhouse gas emissions. If Europe is to meet its climate targets and avoid the severe impacts of climate change, additional action is needed to tackle emissions from the transport sector. Meanwhile, the EU is drafting the post-2020 budget with a proposal expected in May 2018. The annual €10-14 billion gap that will be left as a result of the UK’s departure from the EU has triggered debate on alternative sources of revenue for the EU budget. This position paper outlines how a green tax shift has a key role to play in tackling transport emissions and addressing a gap in the EU's budget post-2020.