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Sustainable bioenergy has a role to play in Europe’s transition to an energy system based on renewable energy and energy efficiency. However, to avoid serious negative consequences for carbon emissions, biodiversity and land conflicts, the EU should introduce four main safeguards for bioenergy use as part of the EU’s 2030 climate and energy policies:
- introduce a cap to limit the use of biomass for energy production to levels that can be sustainably supplied;
- ensure efficient and optimal use of biomass resources, in line with the principle of cascading use;
- include correct carbon accounting for biomass;
- introduce comprehensive binding sustainability criteria.