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European carmakers have jointly committed more than €130 billion to electrification in the coming years. This is a positive development, but if the rollout of electric vehicles is not properly managed – via uncontrolled grid connections or unsustainable use and sourcing of materials – challenges will arise, reducing the environmental benefits and creating new problems.
The report, published alongside T&E's briefing:
• estimates the expected uptake of EVs and the volumes of batteries available for grid services during the vehicle life, as well as second-life applications and recycling at the end of vehicle life;
• studies the impact of EV integration on EU grids and renewables penetration, with case studies of France, Spain, Italy and the UK;
• analyses the economics around innovative second-life applications of batteries and presents a number of promising case studies; and
• assesses challenges and opportunities around battery recycling, as well as what is needed to spur circular economy markets in Europe.
T&E's short briefing accompanies the Element Energy report; it provides additional analysis and policy recommendations in view of the new European Commission and upcoming legislative opportunities.
- Study: Batteries on wheels – the role of battery electric cars in the EU power system and beyond PDF, 4.8 MByte
- Briefing: Batteries on wheels – risks and opportunities around electric cars PDF, 308.0 KByte
- Annex: Batteries on wheels – the role of battery electric cars in the EU power system and beyond PDF, 1.9 MByte