Under NAFTA’s so-called investor-state dispute settlement provisions, Canada has been sued 35 times and has paid €121 million (CAD$171.5 million) in damages to foreign investors, including for laws to protect the public. Under CETA, the risks for Canada of being sued by banks, insurers and holding companies over financial regulations will increase significantly. Meanwhile, the EU and its member states particularly risk being sued by Canadian mining, oil and gas companies, which are already engaged in a number of controversial natural resource projects across Europe.
- Executive summary in EN: Trading away democracy PDF, 275.4 KByte
- EN: Trading away democracy – How CETA’s investor protection rules threaten the public good in Canada and the EU PDF, 912.0 KByte
- FR: Marchander la démocratie – En quoi les règles de protection des investisseurs de l’AÉCG menacent-elles le bien public au... PDF, 832.7 KByte
- DE: Verkaufte demokratie – Wie die CETA-regeln zum schutz von investoren das allgemeinwohl in Kanada und der EU bedrohen PDF, 810.0 KByte