The study finds that based on an analysis of EIVs, the average design efficiency of new ships has improved in recent years. However, the efficiency improvements seem to have stalled in 2016. On average, the design efficiency of new bulk carriers, tankers and gas carriers was worse in 2016 than they were in 2015. Also the share of ships below the reference line and the share of ships meeting or exceeding Phase 1, Phase 2 or Phase 3 required EEDI values has decreased in 2016. The design efficiency of container ships and general cargo carriers was more or less at the same level in 2016 as in 2015.