The analysis finds that its provisions do not make it a ‘gold standard’ deal for people and the planet. For CETA to deliver for the environment, improvements are warranted in the following areas:
- the Investment Court System should be removed;
- the environment chapter should be made binding, with meaningful enforcement;
- regulatory cooperation should serve to promote and improve social and environmental policy;
- the Domestic Regulation chapter should be more cognisant of environmental licensing and permitting procedures;
- a Clean Hands Clause should be added to strengthen the parties’ rights to regulate through consumption and export rules;
- CETA should reflect both parties’ commitment to the Paris climate agreement;
- tariff reduction should be differentiated according to environmental characteristics.