This major setback for polar environmental protection came about as a result of procedural objections by flag states despite the efforts of most Arctic states and Antarctic treaty states to make progress on environmental protection.
“As a result of this decision, the completion of a mandatory Polar shipping code covering both safety and environment protection will fall further behind schedule, and indeed, there is a very real chance that environmental protection could be scuttled altogether”, said James Barnes (ASOC Executive Director).
Both poles are extremely sensitive to environmental disruption and have an important role regulating the global climate. As the global climate changes, the poles are experiencing the most rapid warming of anywhere on earth and sea ice is retreating in most polar regions, making those waters more accessible to shipping than ever before in human history. The numbers of ships using the Northwest Passage and Northern Sea Route, to the north of Canada, the US, Norway and Russia, is increasing each year. The Arctic, in particular, is expected to experience a significant increase in resource exploitation and shipping volumes, which are likely to exacerbate climate-induced problems.
Environmental regulations for shipping are necessary to ensure that the volume of pollutants such as oils, chemicals and sewage being discharged by increased shipping into these pristine waters can be minimized. In addition, rules are needed to ensure that disturbance of wildlife and coastal communities is kept to a minimum and major oil and chemical spills are avoided.
“Last week’s decision is badly flawed!” said Mr. Barnes. “Action is required sooner rather than later to ensure adequate environmental protection is in place as more and more ships use these remote, hazardous and vulnerable waters. Operational pollution from shipping and accidents could irreversibly damage these globally important sensitive ecosystems and polar wildlife is already under massive pressure from the changing climate.”
“IMO member governments have an obligation to develop proactive environmental protections for our poles, and we hope that it won’t take an Exxon Valdez or Costa Concordia-type disaster in polar waters before real regulatory action is achieved in these vulnerable regions”, said John Kaltenstein (Friends of the Earth U.S. Marine Program Manager).
“It is imperative that the IMO brings countries together to finish developing a mandatory Polar Code, which must include strong environmental protections”, said Shawna Larson, Chickaloon Village Tribal Member and Alaska Program Director for Pacific Environment. “Indigenous Peoples who have lived in these Arctic coastal communities since time immemorial are highly dependent on a clean Arctic Environment for their traditional ways of life and their food sources. Without strong environmental protections in the Polar Code, Indigenous Peoples traditional ways will be at risk.”