Dear President Barroso,
Europe’s use of biofuels to fuel its vehicles risks driving land grabs and deforestation, increasing food prices, exacerbating poverty and hunger, and accelerating climate change. We are seriously concerned that the Commission has not yet taken action to ensure that Europe’s green transport policy discourages those biofuels that cause higher greenhouse gas emissions than fossil fuels.
Scientists have made it clear that urgent action is needed, warning about the high levels of emissions that result from indirect land use change (ILUC). According to the results of the Commission’s own studies, the carbon footprint of biodiesel can be worse than that of fossil fuels once these indirect side-effects are taken into account.
Land that would otherwise be used to feed people and livestock now satisfies the EU’s growing hunger for biofuels. New lands must be ploughed up elsewhere for food and feed, destroying vital ecosystems and carbon stores like forests and peat land, a process that releases millions of tons of emissions and accelerates climate change. This reality undermines the environmental benefits that EU biofuels policy promises.
Without effective policy measures, subsidised biofuels consumed in Europe are highly unlikely to reduce the rising contribution of Europe’s transport sector to global climate change, and threaten to undermine the otherwise positive outcomes of renewable energy and fuel quality policies.
Moreover, increasing the use of biofuels can also squeeze food supplies, amplifying the risk of food crises (and exacerbating land-grabbing conflicts across the world). Industrial biofuels production requires large amounts of land and other natural resources such as water, which should be used to meet the basic needs of local populations, not to sustain extraction of energy for foreign market.
The Commission is about to meet to decide on its legislative proposal on how to deal with the issue of ILUC. We call on you, as an immediate first step to prevent the use of the most climate-damaging biofuels, to introduce a proposal for feedstock-specific ILUC emission factors when calculating carbon footprints in both the Renewable Energy and Fuel Quality Directives.
EU AND INTERNATIONAL
CEEweb for Biodiversity
CIDSE – together for global justice
European Environmental Bureau
Friends of the Earth Europe
Transport & Environment
SOL – People for Solidarity, Ecology and Lifestyle
VCÖ – Mobilität mit Zukunft.
Bond Beter Leefmilieu Vlaanderen – BBLV
Centre tricontinental (CETRI)
SOS FAIM Belgique
Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds/ BirdLife Bulgaria
Friends of the Earth Cyprus
Czech Society for Ornithology
Danish Society for Nature Conservation
The Danish Ecological Council
Verdens Skove (Forests of the World)
Comité français pour la solidarité internationale
France Nature Environnement (FNE)
Réseau Action Climat-France
Finnish NGDO Platform to the EU Kehys
NGO Platform KEPA
Berggorilla & Regenwald Direkthilfe
Brot für die Welt
Rettet den Regenwald/Rainforest Rescue
ELLINIKI ETAIRIA – Society for the Environment & Cultural Heritage
Hellenic Ornithological Society/ BirdLife Greece
Promoción y el Desarrollo de la Comunidad (CEIBA)
MTVSZ/Friends of the Earth Hungary
WALHI – Friends of the Earth Indonesia
Catholic Church Luxembourg
Cercle de Coopération des ONG de développement
Fondation Bridderlech Deelen
Justice et Paix / Justitia et Pax
Mouvement Ecologique – Friends of the Earth Luxembourg
SOS Faim Luxembourg
Maudesco Friends of the Earth
Natuur & Milieu
PAPUA NEW GUINEA
Center for Environmental Law And Community Rights Inc./Friends of the Earth-Papua New Guinea.
Ecological Society of the Philippines
Animal Conservation and Wildlife Society (ACWF)
ISD – Instytut Na Rzecz Ekorozwoju – Institute for Sustainable Development
Oikos – cooperação e desenvolvimento
AGORA – Working Group for Sustainable Development
Fundatia ADEPT Transilvania
TERRA Mileniul III Foundation
Friends of the Earth- Sierra Leone
Centre for sustainable alternatives
Slovakia-Southern Africa Society
Focus – Association for Sustainable Development
Institute for Sustainable Development
Amigos de la Tierra España.
Ecologistas en Acción
Salva la Selva
Campaign against Climate Change
Christian Ecology Link
Compassion in World Farming
Down to Earth Indonesia
Friends of the Earth England, Wales and Northern Ireland
Occupy London Energy, Equity & Environment Working Group
Real Bread Campaign
Sumatran Orangutan Society
York and Ryedale Friends of the Earth
Clean Air Task Force
Environmental Working Group
Friends of the Earth USA
National Wildlife Federation
Natural Resources Defense Council
Rainforest Action Network (RAN)
 Within article 19.6 of the Renewable Energy Directive (2009/28/EC), the Commission was due to submit a report on ILUC by 31 December 2010 accompanied if appropriate by a proposal, based on the best available science, containing a concrete methodology.
 IFPRI study “Assessing the Land Use Change Consequences of European Biofuel Policies”, October 2011 https://www.ifpri.org/sites/default/files/publications/biofuelsreportec2011.pdf