The Effort Sharing Regulation (ESR) sets binding emission reduction targets for each EU country in the sectors of road transport, buildings, waste, small industry and agriculture (~60% of the EU’s GHG emissions). In July 2021, the Commission proposed a new EU-wide target for the ESR sectors, bringing it up to -40% from -30% (compared to 2005). National ESR targets were also increased. They range from -10% for Bulgaria to -50% of Germany and are set on the basis of GDP per capita and cost-effectiveness of reducing emissions.
But national targets remain empty shells if not properly implemented and enforced. What can the European Parliament do to improve the proposal?