What we do

Flying is one of the fastest growing sources of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and the most climate-intensive form of transport.

  • One year of airline bailouts: what have we learned?

    European airlines – some of the EU’s biggest polluters – have so far received an unprecedented €37 billion in government bailouts since the beginning of the Covid-19 crisis, nearly entirely without binding environmental conditions. This briefing outlines how state-aid guidelines should be reformed to require green and social conditionality as necessary preconditions to bailouts. It also argues that regulators need to be much more aggressive in putting forward measures which will reduce the climate impact of flying.

    March 29, 2021 - 09:00
  • Efficient pathways to electrifying UK transport

    Decarbonising UK transport by 2050 using renewable electricity is a challenge, but achievable given the enormous renewables potential of the UK. However, the scale of transport electricity demand post-2030 means that renewable electricity will remain a ‘scarce’ commodity and must be used as efficiently as possible. Transport cannot therefore be decarbonised one mode at a time, but instead requires an approach that recognises the greater efficiency of some energy pathways and the limited availability of sustainable biofuels. Priority should be given to direct use of electricity where possible, such as through batteries, while minimising the use of energy carriers like hydrogen and synthetic fuels to sectors where these are unavoidable, like shipping and aviation. There is a clear hierarchy for the use of renewable electricity in transport and encouraging the use of e-diesel in road transport or hydrogen in cars comes with a considerable total energy penalty that risks derailing the entire decarbonisation effort.

    March 25, 2021 - 17:28
  • The EU's assessment of the Corsia airline CO2 deal

    T&E has obtained the EU Commission's assessment of the UN’s aviation offsetting scheme (Corsia), which it received in September 2020 but has delayed publishing. The study (which can be downloaded here) finds major flaws in the scheme, calling into further question whether it can be in any way compatible with the EU Green Deal. T&E's briefing, also available below, provides an analysis of the main findings as well as our recommendations to ensure Corsia does not further damage Europe’s climate ambitions by being integrated into EU law to the detriment of the EU carbon market (ETS).

    March 17, 2021 - 12:47
  • EU must ensure that long-haul flights are included in its sustainable aviation fuel mandate

    In this letter, a group of airlines, fuel producers, planemakers and NGOs call on the European Commission to ensure that long-haul flights are included in the EU’s sustainable fuels mandate. They ask that the obligation of the mandate be placed on the fuel supplier, to ensure equal treatment. They also say that advanced biofuels allowed under the mandate must be sustainable, and should exclude biofuels from dedicated cropland. The letter is signed by T&E and Natuur & Milieu; airlines Easyjet, Ryanair, Wizz Air, Jet2, Loganair; fuel producer SkyNRG; and planemakers Pipistrel and Wright Electric.

    March 9, 2021 - 16:36
  • UK should include international aviation and shipping emissions in its net zero legislation, say NGOs

    The UK government will soon decide whether or not to accept the recommendation of its independent climate advisors, the Climate Change Committee, to formally include emissions from international aviation and shipping in future carbon budgets.  A number of NGOs including T&E, AEF, Green Alliance, Greenpeace, Friends of the Earth and Possible have written to the UK prime minister to strongly encourage that this recommendation be accepted. 

    February 25, 2021 - 09:29
  • FAQ: the what and how of e-kerosene

    E-kerosene, sometimes known as efuels and synthetic kerosene, have the potential to substantially reduce the climate impact of aviation, one of the most carbon intensive sectors of the economy. However much confusion remains about these fuels, including how we can ensure they are sustainable, and how we can ensure their deployment in the aviation sector. This FAQ seeks to answer these questions, and is published as the European Union drafts legislation to bring about an uptake of Sustainable Advanced Fuels (SAFs), known as its ReFuelEU paper. As this FAQ details, deploying e-kerosene to the aviation sector is essential, but will require strong regulatory action here in Europe.

    February 5, 2021 - 12:43
  • How to ensure the sustainability of electrofuels

    Hydrogen and other electrofuels like ammonia or ekerosene are vital for supplying zero-emission fuels to long-distance transport sectors like shipping and aviation. By the end of 2021, the EU will decide on new rules for the production of hydrogen and other electrofuels, the so-called Renewable Fuels of Non-Biological Origin. However, hydrogen produced via electrolysis is only as clean as the electricity used to produce it. This briefing details the key elements that should be introduced under the Renewable Energy Directive for these Renewable Fuels of Non-Biological Origin. Their climate impacts are addressed, as well as their impact on land and water. The impacts are not only relevant in the EU, but also in countries who could export these electrofuels to the EU.

    January 19, 2021 - 15:21
  • Making aviation fuel mandates sustainable

    The EU and many European governments are adopting or proposing mandates to bring about the uptake of alternative fuels in the aviation sector. Mandating the use of Sustainable Advanced Fuels (SAFs) in the aviation sector is the right approach to ensure the deployment of these fuels. However, experience has shown that SAF mandates, when done wrongly, can have disastrous climate and environmental consequences. This briefing details the current state of development of these aviation mandates and highlights areas where national governments risk repeating past mistakes.

    December 16, 2020 - 11:38
  • Kyoto Club e Transport & Environment: destinare 41 miliardi del Recovery Plan alla mobilità sostenibile

    41,15 miliardi del PNRR per una ripresa sostenibile del settore trasporti italiano. Puntare su mobilità urbana e regionale, elettrificazione dei trasporti e transizione ecologica dell’industria automotive. Queste le proposte di Kyoto Club e Transport Environment illustrate nel nuovo rapporto Un Piano di Ripresa e Resilienza per la mobilità sostenibile che sarà commentato oggi in occasione del convegno annuale di Kyoto Club sull’Accordo di Parigi. Risorse che mettano al centro le città, insieme ad una green and just transition del settore produttivo del comparto trasporti. 

    December 11, 2020 - 09:23
  • Electrofuels? Yes, we can … if we’re efficient

    This report follows on from T&E's study How to decarbonise European transport by 2050, which outlines realistic transport decarbonisation pathways to 2050 for the EU. The purpose of this report (which is summarised in the accompanying briefing), is to investigate whether the T&E decarbonisation pathways are achievable within the limits of renewable electricity potential that is available within the EU as well as other potential supply-side constraints.

    December 7, 2020 - 07:30