What we do

Flying is one of the fastest growing sources of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and the most climate-intensive form of transport.

  • What the EU climate plan means for aviation in the ETS

    The European Commission is proposing to reform the EU emissions trading system (ETS) rules for aviation as part of its Fit for 55 plan.Free allowances for airlines would be phased out by 2027 and the the number of allowances will be progressively reduced. But the scope of the ETS will be restricted to intra-EU flights, which fails to address the bulk of aviation emissions (60%).Read our briefing to see what this proposal means and how it should be improved.

    July 23, 2021 - 13:20
  • What the EU climate law means for jet fuel's tax exemption

    The European Commission is proposing to end one of aviation’s most unfair tax privileges as part of its Fit for 55 package. Jet fuel for commercial and private intra-EU flights will gradually be taxed, putting a fairer price on flying. Advanced biofuels and e-fuels will benefit from a zero tax rate for 10 years, helping to kick start the deployment of much needed clean fuels. But the proposal still allows airlines to pay minimal tax rates for 10 years before the proposed rates fully come into force, and the reforms only apply for fuel used on flights within Europe.Read our briefing to see what this proposal means and how it should be improved.

    July 22, 2021 - 15:20
  • What the EU climate plan means for aviation fuel

    The EU Commission has mandated the use of advanced biofuels and e-kerosene (SAFs) for aircraft as part of its Fit for 55 package. The support for e-kerosene is especially important as it is the only fuel type that can be sustainably scaled up to meet the fuel demands of the sector. But the sub-target of just 0.7% in 2030 and 5% in 2035 is too low and by setting a higher target for advanced biofuels, the Commission is prioritising the wrong fuel.Read our briefing to see what this proposal means and how it should be improved.

    July 20, 2021 - 11:56
  • Why direct air capture holds one of the keys to sustainable aviation

    To produce e-kerosene, you need CO₂. Sourcing CO₂ from ambient air, a technique otherwise known as direct air capture (DAC), is better than capturing it from industrial sources; a technique which, while cheaper, has the unintended effect of encouraging industries to continue to rely on fossil fuels. This T&E-commissioned report from E4tech assesses whether, when and how DAC could be scaled up to meet the demands of an e-kerosene industry at the scale needed to decarbonise European aviation.

    July 5, 2021 - 13:58
  • Now is the time for an ambitious European e-kerosene target

    T&E, Lufthansa, the Global Alliance Powerfuels, pilots representatives, and other aviation industry and energy players have called on the European Commission to set ambitious targets for e-kerosene, a green synthetic fuel, when it proposes the world’s first sustainable jet fuel law this month. In this letter the group, which also includes Schiphol and Copenhagen airports and e-fuel suppliers, call for a target for the use of e-kerosene under the new ReFuel EU law commencing already in 2027 at 0.5% to 1% delivered to the EU market. The mandate could potentially rise to 2.5% in 2030, as long as the sustainability of such a target can be assured.

    July 2, 2021 - 09:38
  • Next steps for the UK's Air Passenger Duty

    This is Transport & Environment's response to the questions posed by the UK Government's consultation on aviation tax reform. The response highlights our concerns around the UK government's proposals to decrease tax levels for domestic flights. It further highlights the fact that the aviation sector is undertaxed: it does not 'pay its way'. VAT is not applied to airline tickets, nor is there any tax on jet fuel. This is the direct opposite of the 'polluter pays principle'.

    June 24, 2021 - 17:49
  • The UK's green jet fuel mandate needs robust sustainability criteria to set aviation on a net-zero flightpath

    The UK government will soon be consulting on the details of its sustainable aviation fuel mandate. A number of NGOs, including T&E, AEF, Green Alliance, Greenpeace and Friends of the Earth, have written to the Secretary of State for Transport and the Minister for Aviation, encouraging them to adopt high sustainability standards from the outset. Download the letter below.

    June 15, 2021 - 15:33
  • The EU should promote the use of e-fuels by ships and planes

    In this letter 17 environmental groups tell the European Commission that the EU should promote the use of green synthetic fuels, or e-fuels, by ships and planes as part of its upcoming maritime and aviation fuel laws. They argue that biofuels and natural gas do not offer a sustainable alternative for shipping and should be excluded from the FuelEU Maritime law. Support should also not be given under the ReFuelEU aviation law to crop-based biofuels in planes, which would emit more than the fossil fuels they replace, while there will not be enough advanced biofuels.

    May 12, 2021 - 00:01
  • E-kerosene mandate: key steps for ReFuelEU success

    Europe’s forthcoming ReFuelEU initiative, which aims to bring about an uptake of sustainable advanced fuels (SAFs) in the aviation sector, has the potential to finally start decarbonising the emissions of a carbon intensive industry. Though the sector is currently going through a major crisis, demand will bounce back, and so long as that demand is powered by fossil fuels in traditional jet engines, we will have a major problem.However, like many climate policies there are good and bad ways in which this policy can be drafted and implemented. Europe’s experience with alternative fuels in its road transport sector shows what can go wrong: unsustainably high targets driving crop biofuels which competed with food and indirectly drove deforestation. Europe must avoid this mistake in drafting its ReFuelEU initiative.

    May 11, 2021 - 16:56