What’s needed

Urgent reform is needed. The new Type Approval Framework Regulation (TAFR) proposal presented by the European Commission in January 2016 was a good start. It was later strengthened by the European Parliament in April 2017, while some of the reforms were weakened by the member states who agreed their position in May 2017. The final negotiations to agree the final type approval law will take place between September and November with the final agreements expected early next year. To be truly effective, the following reforms are necessary:

  • Better oversight of national regulators through spot checks on national type approvals, and audits and sanctions of national agencies performed at EU level

  • A comprehensive market surveillance programme to check cars throughout their life and ensure that test results from models submitted for type approval do not systematically differ from vehicles on the road

  • These activities should be done by a new EU Type Approval Panel run by representatives from key stakeholders (Commission, member states, industry and civil society) and funded by a €10 charge on new vehicles sold

  • Stricter enforcement of the ban on defeat devices that requires carmakers to disclose the information and authorities to approve the derogation, with a clear obligation on industry to ensure their vehicles perform in all reasonably encountered condition on the road

  • Increased transparency and access to data on type approvals and vehicles performance across Europe

The TRRIC to a better testing system in Europe lies in increased Transparency, Rigour & Resources, Independence and Consistency.