Briefing on how a revised Energy Taxation Directive could make transport greener and the economy more efficient.
The European Union established a 20% target for renewable energy use by 2020 and a 10% target for renewables in the transport sector by 2020. Bioenergy, including solid biomass and waste, is expected to represent 60% of the EU’s renewable energy use and biofuels is expected to cover most of the 10% renewable energy use in transport. Widely perceived as carbon neutral, new studies reveal that these policies could be increasing emissions compared to fossil fuels.
Until a few years ago biofuels were considered a robust option for reducing CO2 emissions. However, over the past few years much evidence has emerged that this thinking is only part of the story and that it does not capture the full climate impact of biofuels. In particular, this approach does not take into account the potential indirect effects of biofuels production, the so-called indirect land use change (ILUC).
This study, carried out by Joanneum Research, identifies a major flaw in the way carbon savings from forest-derived biomass are calculated in EU lawas well as under UNFCCC and Kyoto Protocol mechanisms.
Letter from environmental NGOs to Climate Commissioner on implementation of the fuel quality directive. Expressing concerns about a lack of differential treatment from high carbon sources such as tar sands.