• How to decarbonise the UK’s freight sector by 2050

    To achieve the UK’s net zero target, vehicles, including heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs), will need to be entirely decarbonised. The UK government has announced that it plans to phase out the sale of all new cars and vans with engines between 2030 and 2035. It has also announced its intention to consult on a similar phase-out for diesel-powered heavy-goods vehicles (HGVs). This study analyses policies and technologies which can contribute to the decarbonisation of the UK's inland freight sector.

    It comprises an emissions modelling exercise and a cost analysis for total cost of ownership (TCO) of long-haul trucks. The study shows that for urban and regional deliveries, battery electric trucks offer the best option to decarbonise. It also shows that battery electric trucks and those using an overhead catenary infrastructure are likely to be the most cost-effective pathway to decarbonise long-haul trucks by 2050, but that renewable hydrogen could also be an option.