Deux législations européennes adoptées en 2009 encouragent le développement des agrocarburants avec pour objectif de départ la réduction des émissions de gaz à effet de serre (GES) dans les transports. Mais il s’avère que ces deux directives, l’une sur les énergies renouvelables (RED) et l’autre sur la qualité des carburants (FQD), pourraient conduire à une augmentation et non pas une à diminution des émissions de GES, à moins que le problème du changement d’affectation des sols indirect (CASI) soit résolu.
The Commission is postponing a decision on how to assess the climatic impact of non-conventional sources of transport fuel such as tar sands and oil shale. A decision was expected in June, but Brussels has ordered an assessment of the impact of giving high-carbon sources a higher climate rating, which means no final judgement will be made until next year. The postponement came just days after T&E published a study saying reducing greenhouse gas emissions from petrol and diesel production will cost less to administer than the oil industry says.
What role for biofuels and unconventional oil? A lunch debate hosted by Romana Jordan, MEP (EPP), Richard Seeber, MEP (EPP), Chris Davies, MEP (ALDE) and Linda McAvan, MEP (S&D)
Over 100 civil society organisations have written to President Barroso and his Commissioner colleagues calling for the full climate impact of biofuels, including indirect land use change, to be taken into account in two key pieces of EU legislation. The full text of the letter appears below.
To measure progress toward the FQD GHG emissions reduction target, the European Commission is designing reporting measures which will outline default values for the lifecycle GHG emissions of transport fuels derived from different sources, including fuels produced from unconventional feedstocks such as tar sands. Several questions have arisen whether the reporting measures and the inclusion of a default value for tar sands comply with World Trade Organization (WTO) rules and jurisprudence, namely the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and case law.
Ce document présente un résumé du rapport réalisé par CE Delft en mars 2012, analysant les coûts supplémentaires que les mesures de mise en oeuvre de la Directive FQD généreraient pour l'industrie pétrolière et pour toute la chaîne d'approvisionnement.
This is a summary of the report issued by CE Delft in March 2012, investigating into the extra cost that the implementing measures of the Fuel Quality Directive would imply for the oil industry and for the whole supply chain.
This report investigates into the extra cost that the implementing measures of the Fuel Quality Directive - if they are adopted according to the proposal of the European Commission - will imply for the oil industry and for the whole supply chain. It finds out that - for a typical 50-litre fuel fill-up - the added cost for consumer would be of half a Eurocent.
A new study has recommended Europe should have a single fuel economy and carbon dioxide labelling system for cars.