The biggest failure of the current regulation to reduce CO2 emissions from new cars and vans has been the inability to deliver emissions reductions on the road. Whilst new car CO2 emissions measured using the obsolete laboratory test (NEDC) have fallen by 31% since 2000, on the road the reduction is just 10%. The gap between test and real-world performance has leapt from 9% in 2000 to 42% in 2017. Had the gap remained constant there would have been 264 Mt CO2eq less cumulative emissions by 2017. The additional fuel burned to produce these emissions cost drivers an extra €150 billion EU-wide.
This is T&E's report on why Europe’s obsession with diesel cars is bad for its economy, its drivers and the environment.
This report, released on the first anniversary of the Dieselgate scandal, exposes the shocking number of dirty diesel cars on the EU’s roads and the feeble regulation of cars by national authorities that have focused on protecting their own commercial interests or those of domestic carmakers. In the US, following the disclosure that VW had cheated emissions tests, justice has been swiftly and effectively delivered. This is in stark contrast to Europe where VW claims it has not acted illegally, no penalties have been levied and no compensation has been provided to customers.
Electric and hydrogen cars rely on renewable electricity that the EU can produce locally. But, instead, fossil-fuelled cars are driving Europe's addiction to oil. Crude oil and petroleum products represent around a third of the EU’s total energy consumption. The EU imports around 90% of the oil it needs and this share is expected to rise in the future. Two-thirds of the EU’s oil is used in transport.
This report marks the third anniversary of the Dieselgate scandal. Whilst the scandal started with US regulators exposing cheating of nitrogen oxide emissions tests by Volkswagen, it quickly spread globally to affect almost every carmaker and every market in which diesel cars are sold. Subsequent work has shown that diesel emissions tests are not the only ones being manipulated – gasoline, CO2 tests and even those affecting safety systems are manipulated.
Which comes first, electric cars or the recharging points? How to tackle this dilemma has been the subject of considerable debate. This report examines the importance and availability of public charging infrastructure and how to efficiently expand the existing network as the number of electric vehicles on the road increases.
Fuelling Spain’s Future: How to boost the economy while leaving carbon behind shows that improving the efficiency of cars and increasing the number of zero emissions vehicles on the road will lead to a larger economy.
Spain has to reduce its non-ETS greenhouse gas emissions by 26% in 2030, and transport is the highest emitter within these non-ETS sectors. As a result, and also to comply with the EU's long-term decarbonisation goals and the Paris agreement, Spain must take urgent and robust action to reduce the emissions in transport. In this report for the European Climate Initiative (EUKI), T&E analyses and proposes a series of key actions that Spain should undertake to decarbonise transport.
The automotive industry plays a vital role in the economy of the EU and the UK, representing a significant part of exports and employing millions of people. However, the UK departure from the EU Single Market on 29 March 2019 could inflict profound harm to its automotive industry and, consequently, to its economy. This report analyses the consequences of Britain's departure from the EU for the automotive sectors in the UK and Europe.
This report examines the progress Europe is making towards decarbonising personality mobility particularly cars. It presents indicators from a wide range of sources which show that progress has stalled and many of the underlying trends are contrary to what is needed.