Since the 1990s, international climate agreements have largely taken a country-by-country approach to mitigating climate change. However, in recent years, the conclusion of numerous bilateral or regional trade and investment agreements has led to an exponential growth in the global flows of goods and capital across borders. This growth has translated into a significant increase in emissions that cannot be bound to a single country. Thus, actions designed to tackle climate change require a new set of tools and strategies. The following joint-report offers a set of complementary options that could be implemented to tackle climate impacts.
Sustainable development has become one of the EU’s essential goals and is now a guiding principle for both its internal and external policies. As part of this ambition, the European Commission includes specific chapters on Trade and Sustainable Development in all free trade agreements (FTA) that it concludes with third country partners. Due to the controversy surrounding trade in recent years (for example, TTIP and CETA), the European Commission has started to recognise that there needs to be stronger coherence between trade and development policies. This paper looks at how the Trade and Sustainable Development chapters could play a crucial role in this.
The European Union and the United Kingdom are negotiating an agreement to ensure the UK’s orderly exit out of the Union and to agree on their future relationship. During the current Brexit negotiations, the European Commission has stated multiple times that its primary focus is on citizens and their rights and as negotiations proceed, the interests of business and market stability will be addressed. But where, then, does the environment feature? This report sets out the guiding principles for putting the environment at the heart of the Brexit talks.
T&E has consistently denounced the flawed ISDS mechanism (investor- state- dispute settlement). One of the main concerns is that claims by foreign investors, or even threats of claims, could deter the EU or Member States from adopting measures to protect the environment.
In a final letter, sent ahead of the plenary vote on the EU-Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) taking place in Strasbourg on 15 February, a number of civil society organisations call upon MEPs to reject the deal. The coalition of organisations, among them Transport & Environment, write that CETA is not in the interest of European citizens, but that they look forward to working towards a better and more sustainable trade agenda in the future.
The Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) between Canada and the European Union is presented as one of the most progressive trade agreements ever negotiated. This analysis conducted by legal NGO ClientEarth and T&E looks into a number of key areas in CETA with likely implications for environmental protection.
In line with its Better Regulation agenda the Commission publishes roadmaps at the very beginning of the legislative process setting out its initial ideas for a legislative proposal. On 1 August 2016 the Commission published its roadmap for a Council Decision proposal authorising the Commission to negotiate a Convention to establish a multilateral court on investment.
A new report issued by T&E and other civil society NGOs analyses the investment court system included in the trade agreement between the EU and Canada (CETA). The report finds that the inclusion of such as system will undermine democracy, rule of law and environmental protection.
Response prepared by Transport & Environment (T&E)