Transport is Europe's biggest climate problem accounting for 27% of its GHG emissions in 2017. This report summarises a series of studies by Transport & Environment. (T&E analysed pathways for decarbonisation in the road freight, aviation, shipping and car sectors.) It demonstrates that transport can and must be decarbonised by 2050 at the very latest, not only to limit global warming but also to ensure Europe's competitiveness, its energy sovereignty and the health and well-being of its 500 million citizens.
This is T&E's report on why Europe’s obsession with diesel cars is bad for its economy, its drivers and the environment.
The average car sits unused for more than 90% of the time, carries on average just one and a half people and costs, on average, €6,500 a year to own and run. Each car occupies 150m2 of urban land and still this is not the full bill – congestion costs the EU economy €100 billion annually. The convenience that made the car a 20th century icon has been eroded by its popularity.
A study by the respected Öko-Institut in Germany says Europe needs to slash its transport emissions by 94% by 2050. That's what it takes to avoid catastrophic 2 degree warming. Meanwhile, EU governments – particularly Italy and Poland – are trying to destroy the already inadequate target of -30% by 2030.
The Council of ICAO – the UN’s aviation body – is meeting to take decisions on critical aspects governing the global offsetting scheme for aviation, known as CORSIA. Decisions taken will largely determine whether the CORSIA will have environmental integrity in meeting its goal of carbon-neutral growth from 2020, or whether a system might be created that operates in secrecy and allows bad quality, double-counted emissions credits which make climate change worse.
This paper has been prepared by T&E in response to the consultation from HM Treasury on the review into the impact of the Worldwide harmonised Light vehicles Test Procedure (WLTP) on vehicle excise duty and company car tax.
Current systems of car taxation have driven a transport system dominated by privately owned, large engined cars contributing to pollution, climate change, congestion and lost urban space. T&E analysis, supported by Commission’s own modelling, shows that all new cars have to be zero emission – largely electric – from early 2030s to be in line with the Paris climate goals, and their numbers, as well as kilometres driven, have to reduce to cut energy demand and make cities clean and liveable. To respond to these challenges a wholesale reform of vehicle taxation systems is urgently needed.
Poland has to reduce its non-ETS greenhouse gas emissions by 7% in 2030, and transport is one of the highest emitters within these non-ETS sectors. As a result, and also to comply with the EU's long-term decarbonisation goals and the Paris agreement, Poland must take urgent and robust action to reduce the emissions in transport. In this report for the European Climate Initiative (EUKI), T&E analyses and proposes a series of key actions that Poland should undertake to significantly cut transport greenhouse gas emissions.
Italy has to reduce its non-ETS greenhouse gas emissions by 33% in 2030, and transport is one of the highest emitters within these non-ETS sectors. As a result, and also to comply with the EU's long-term decarbonisation goals and the Paris agreement, Italy must take urgent and robust action to reduce the emissions in transport. In this report for the European Climate Initiative (EUKI), T&E analyses and proposes a series of key actions that Italy should undertake to decarbonise transport.
Transport is Europe’s biggest source of carbon emissions, contributing 27% to the EU’s total CO2 emissions, with cars representing 45% of these. Transport is also the only sector in which emissions have grown since 1990, driving an increase in the EU’s overall emissions in 2017. If the EU is to achieve the global Paris climate agreement goals of pursuing efforts to limit the global temperature rise to 1.5ºC, transport emissions must be reduced to zero by 2050 at the very latest, including emissions from passenger cars. This paper analyses options to achieve zero emissions in the EU car segment by 2050. It is designed to feed into the Commission’s current deliberations on 2050 climate scenarios.