With drivers ditching their diesel cars in view of an increasing number of city bans and low-emissions zones in Western Europe, many of these dirty cars now end up in Central & Eastern EU Member States. This means the air quality problems will be exported, not solved, thus deepening the East-West divide that already exists on air quality in Europe. Bulgaria is case in point. This briefing details the impact of dirty diesels heading east to Bulgaria.
New mobility services and business models are changing urban transport, affecting both the supply and demand sides of urban mobility market. Evidence shows that these developments can lead to a significant reduction of single occupancy private car use and an increase of public transport use, leading to a strong reduction in congestion, local air pollution, and CO2 emissions. Despite their long term potential, the growth and development of new mobility services are often hampered by existing market access restrictions, operational requirements and financial disincentives. This joint position paper outlines the key recommendations from 10 organisations engaged in promoting new mobility. They are: BMW Group, car2go, European Cyclists' Federation, Mobility Nation, nextbike, Siemens, Transport & Environment, Uber, and the City of Vilnius.
The Climate Action Regulation (CAR), known previously as the Effort Sharing Regulation (ESR) will become part of European law in 2018. This paper analyses the different elements agreed in the soon-to-become law, and assesses the role played by different parties involved in the process, with the objective of making public something that normally only a few have access to.
Sufficient accessible charging infrastructure is a key enabler for the accelerated uptake of electric cars. This briefing analyses the current and planned future roll-out of EV charging infrastructure in European Member States, based governments’ plans (National Policy Frameworks) submitted to the Commission as part of the implementation of the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive.
Transport is Europe’s biggest climate problem, representing 27% of the bloc’s greenhouse gas emissions. If Europe is to meet its climate targets and avoid the severe impacts of climate change, additional action is needed to tackle emissions from the transport sector. Meanwhile, the EU is drafting the post-2020 budget with a proposal expected in May 2018. The annual €10-14 billion gap that will be left as a result of the UK’s departure from the EU has triggered debate on alternative sources of revenue for the EU budget. This position paper outlines how a green tax shift has a key role to play in tackling transport emissions and addressing a gap in the EU's budget post-2020.
Electro or e-fuels (or power to liquid/gas) are electricity-based gaseous or liquid fuels which can be used in internal combustion engines. According to a new report by Cerulogy for T&E, e-fuels only have meaningful climate benefits if strict sustainability criteria are observed throughout the production process. The key factors determining the sustainability of e-fuels are the source of electricity (it must be renewable), the source of CO2 (ideally air capture) as well as impacts on land and water. Download the study below plus T&E's briefing.
This briefing for MEPs, ahead of a plenary debate on the European Commission’s '2nd Mobility Package', provides details on the proposed car and van CO2 target for 2025 and 2030 and why these lack the necessary ambition to meet the EU’s climate goals, specifically:• There will be a slow down in emissions cuts after 2021;• There is no ZEV mandate or penalty for failing to hit the goal;• There is no effective means to prevent test manipulation such as a real-world test.The briefing also provides information on the strengths and weaknesses of other elements of the package – the Clean Vehicles Directive and Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Action Plan – and suggests areas of questioning for the Commission.
Following the unhelpful intervention of the Juncker Cabinet it would be preferable to delay the proposal and negotiate on key points to produce a stronger outcome. The alternative is to issue a weak proposal that does not put the EU on a track to meet its climate goals and the EU industry on a path to becoming globally competitive and manufacturing new technology vehicles in the EU.
This briefing summarises the important lessons for design of future EU vehicle regulations that have been concluded from an extensive programme of more than 400 real world car tests. The tests have been performed on Peugeot Citroën Group (PSA) cars as part of programme conducted by PSA in collaboration with Transport & Environment, France Nature Environnement and Bureau Veritas. The purpose was to provide PSA customers with reliable real world information on fuel economy and emissions. The views expressed in this briefing are solely those of T&E, but a technical report agreed by PSA and T&E has already been published presenting the comprehensive data.
The forthcoming Commission proposal on CO2 standards for light duty vehicles needs to create a single European market for electro-mobility by setting a sales target for zero emission vehicles. With a Chinese EV quota coming in 2019, and the Californian scheme accelerating ZEV sales until 2025, policy makers now need to ensure Europe accelerates its transition to this key new technology to ensure its industry remains globally competitive and ZEVs are manufactured in the EU and not imported from China. Key elements of the ZEV Mandate should be:An ambition level for 2025 of 15-20% to ensure that the transport sectors’ climate targets are met. This is meeting car makers’ own announced average EV share for Europe in 2025 (20%).