This briefing paper, and the supporting report upon which it is based, fill the evidence gap about the employment effects of lower carbon vehicles. They summarise a review of published literature undertaken by CE Delft.
Cars are responsible for approaching a fifth of Europe’s carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. The amount of CO2 produced is directly related to the amount of fuel the vehicle consumes – lower carbon vehicles are therefore more fuel efficient and cheaper to run. Lower fuel costs for drivers boost consumer spending in other areas creating jobs.
In 2009, the EU set legally-binding targets for new cars to emit 130 grams of CO2 per km by 2015 and 95g in 2020. The regulation also required the Commission to carry out a review of “…the modalities for reaching, by the year 2020, a long-term target of 95 g CO2/km in a cost-effective manner…” On 11th July 2012, the Commission announced its proposal giving details of how the 2020 target should be reached.
In 2009, the EU set legally-binding targets for new cars to emit, on average, 130 grammes of CO2 per km by 2015 and 95g in 2020. Regulation (EC) No 443/2009 also requires the Commission to carry out a review of “…the modalities for reaching, by the year 2020, a long-term target of 95 g CO2/km in a cost-effective manner…” The outcomes of this review are expected in July and will include a formal proposal for average car CO2 emissions in 2020.
The European Parliament’s Environment Public Health and Food Safety Committee (ENVI) is currently considering a Commission proposal for a Regulation on the sound levels of motor vehicles. The proposal, if adopted, will replace the existing vehicle noise directive (70/157/EEC), including enforcing tighter noise emission limits for cars, vans, lorries and buses and updating the testing method.
This briefing covers the EU's draft proposal on cutting co2 emissions to 95g CO2 / km by 2020. It gives an overview of the benefits of regulating new car fuel efficiency and co2 emissions and examines whether past claims made by the automotive industry about the impact of such legislation actually came true.
This briefing from BirdLife Europe, CEE Bankwatch, Friends of the Earth Europe, T&E and WWF explains how EU transport spending under the Trans-European Transport Networks (TEN-T) and Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) programmes could be made more effective, economically viable and sustainable.A full-length version of this analysis is also available.
This briefing gives an overview of reducing transport fuel emissions within the EU's fuel quality directive. In particular it examines the importance of giving high carbon sources such as tar sands and coal-to-liquid higher carbon values.
Two EU laws adopted in 2009 promote the use of biofuels in the EU, ostensibly for the purpose of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the transport sector. However, both the Renewable Energy Directive (RED) and Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) could lead to higher, not lower greenhouse gas emissions unless the issue of Indirect Land Use Change (ILUC)
Deux législations européennes adoptées en 2009 encouragent le développement des agrocarburants avec pour objectif de départ la réduction des émissions de gaz à effet de serre (GES) dans les transports. Mais il s’avère que ces deux directives, l’une sur les énergies renouvelables (RED) et l’autre sur la qualité des carburants (FQD), pourraient conduire à une augmentation et non pas une à diminution des émissions de GES, à moins que le problème du changement d’affectation des sols indirect (CASI) soit résolu.