Despite the perception that public recharging is a major barrier to the mass uptake of electric vehicles (EV), public chargers are only used for about 5% of charging events, including on-street city charging, car parks and fast charging along road corridors. The data compiled in various studies to date shows that the vast majority of EV charging happens at home or work and it is a lack of choice and availability of electric cars that is the principal barrier.
Which comes first, electric cars or the recharging points? How to tackle this dilemma has been the subject of considerable debate. This report examines the importance and availability of public charging infrastructure and how to efficiently expand the existing network as the number of electric vehicles on the road increases.
The car industry is facing another case of technology not performing in real driving conditions – this time over tyre pressure monitoring. With a new laboratory test forcing carmakers to deal with more accurate emissions readings after years of tests that showed around 40% lower emissions than in real-world driving, devices that show whether a car’s tyres are dangerously underinflated have also been found to underperform, leading to increased danger and fuel consumption.
The EU climate commissioner Miguel Arias Cañete has contradicted his own Directorate’s assessment of the impact of reducing CO2 from new cars, by warning that an ambitious emissions target would lead to ‘job losses’ and ‘factory closures’. T&E says the commissioner’s comments are remarkable for being wrong, and based on unpublished studies by autoworker unions rather than the Commission’s own impact assessment. The Climate Commissioner’s proposal is also much less ambitious than many government ministers and MEPs are calling for.
The 2050 strategy being developed by the European Commission for the 2019 UN Climate Change Conference (COP25) is of key importance to the future of European climate policy. The strategy's central aim is to guide European climate policy towards adhering to the Paris climate agreement, ie how to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from all sectors of the economy to limit global temperature rises to well below 2ºC. In this paper T&E describes the model and reports on some of its technical limitations and proposes measures to ensure robust, trustworthy modelling.
Europe is falling behind in the race to make the most of the electromobility revolution. That is the conclusion from news that the EU is trailing China in investment in e-vehicles, coupled with a T&E report that shows European carmakers are failing to meet their own EV sales targets because of poor marketing and availability of cars for consumers.
The supply of electric vehicles to the British market could dry up when the UK leaves the EU, according to a new study by T&E. This is because sales of electric cars in a post-Brexit British market will not count towards a carmaker’s EU CO2 targets. The study also suggests up to 6,700 British automotive workers could lose their jobs in the event of a ‘hard Brexit’.
Diesel cars and trucks burned more than half (51%) of all the palm oil used in Europe in 2017 - a 13.5% rise in palm biodiesel over the previous year - new data from OILWORLD, the industry reference for vegetable oils markets, released today by T&E shows. Since the introduction of an EU law to promote biofuels in 2009, palm oil used to make biofuel has steadily increased from 825,000 tonnes in 2008 to 3.9 million tonnes in 2017. The use of palm oil for biodiesel dwarfs palm oil use in other products such as cookies, chocolate spreads, shampoo or lipsticks, which combined add up to 39% of total use in 2017 - the lowest point in the past decade.
The EU is entering in the final round of negotiations on the REDII. One of the outstanding issues to be agreed between EU Parliament, the Council and Commission is palm oil biodiesel. In January 2018 the Parliament voted in favor of phasing out support to biodiesel based on palm oil as of 2021, which is a step in the right direction. However, this decision is being contested by the Council and also by the palm oil-producing countries - especially Malaysia and Indonesia.
Biofuels are top of the EU agenda these days. And that’s not just because we’re headed for the final trilogue discussions on the Renewable Energy Directive (RED) but also because of biofuels interfering with Europe’s trade relations. Led by Indonesia and Malaysia a group of countries are threatening the EU with Trump style trade wars after the European Parliament voted to disqualify palm oil biodiesel from the EU’s clean fuels regulation after 2020. At the same time the EU is trying to negotiate a series of trade deals with a number of these countries.