A push by ICAO and some of its members to set quantity and reduction targets for alternative aviation fuels such as biofuels, was rejected at a major conference convened by ICAO in Mexico City in October. 25 countries, many from Europe, refused to back the UN agency’s originally proposed ‘2050 Vision on Sustainable Aviation Fuels’ that included volume-based targets for 2025, 2040 and 2050. The International Coalition for Sustainable Aviation, of which T&E is a member, said the targets were selected based on poor analysis, and grossly overestimated the environmental benefits and potential emissions reductions.
The EU’s first-ever regulation on measuring CO2 emissions from trucks must be tightened to provide greater transparency, say eight haulage companies in a letter to the Commission also signed by T&E. The letter says that without a requirement for more data on engine efficiency ‘a meaningful engine standard will not be possible’.
Almost three-quarters of new containerships launched since 2013 already comply with post-2025 design efficiency requirements of the International Maritime Organisation (IMO), a new study reveals. Containerships emit around a quarter of global ship CO2 emissions, but the best 10% of new containerships are already almost twice as efficient as the Energy Efficiency Design Index (EEDI) requirement for 10 years time.
Calls for urgent action to reduce ship greenhouse gas emissions have been met with heavy push-back by many states and big industry groups meeting at the International Maritime Organisation (IMO). A group of Pacific Island and mainly European states clashed repeatedly with those saying that decisions on immediate measures should await the final iteration of the IMO’s comprehensive GHG strategy in 2023, rather than be part of the “initial” strategy in 2018. Green groups Seas At Risk and Transport & Environment, which are members of the Clean Shipping Coalition (CSC) , said the most obvious immediate measure is to regulate ship speed, with the feasibility and effectiveness of slow steaming having been proven during the recession.
The European Parliament could be on course to end state support for biodiesel from vegetable oils in 2030 after a vote in its environment committee. MEPs strongly backed the phase-out of food-based biofuels by 2030 as well as the termination of the use of palm oil biodiesel in the Renewable Energy Directive, as early as 2021.
As details of the forthcoming car CO2 regulation are finalised, T&E has issued research highlighting the failure of the current CO2 regulation to lower CO2 emissions on the road and what solutions are available to tackle this.
This briefing summarises the important lessons for design of future EU vehicle regulations that have been concluded from an extensive programme of more than 400 real world car tests. The tests have been performed on Peugeot Citroën Group (PSA) cars as part of programme conducted by PSA in collaboration with Transport & Environment, France Nature Environnement and Bureau Veritas. The purpose was to provide PSA customers with reliable real world information on fuel economy and emissions. The views expressed in this briefing are solely those of T&E, but a technical report agreed by PSA and T&E has already been published presenting the comprehensive data.
Electric vehicles emit less greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions over their lifetimes than diesel engine cars, a new independent study has found. Even when powered by the most carbon intensive electricity in Europe, EVs will emit less and those emissions decrease further as more renewable electricity enters the grid, according to an analysis of the lifecycle emissions of the vehicles conducted by VUB university in Brussels for T&E.
Airport Carbon Accreditation (ACA) is a CO2 emissions reduction programme for airports managed by industry association Airports Council International Europe (ACI Europe). It encourages airports to monitor and either reduce or offset their emissions. Our analysis finds that, while encouraging emission reductions and aiming towards carbon neutrality at airports in Europe is important and welcome, the ACA lacks transparency and the strict rules that are required to ensure offsets credits used actually deliver emission reductions. In many cases, airports are using offset credits which are ineligible under EU climate laws due to concerns as to their environmental integrity.
The forthcoming Commission proposal on CO2 standards for light duty vehicles needs to create a single European market for electro-mobility by setting a sales target for zero emission vehicles. With a Chinese EV quota coming in 2019, and the Californian scheme accelerating ZEV sales until 2025, policy makers now need to ensure Europe accelerates its transition to this key new technology to ensure its industry remains globally competitive and ZEVs are manufactured in the EU and not imported from China. Key elements of the ZEV Mandate should be:An ambition level for 2025 of 15-20% to ensure that the transport sectors’ climate targets are met. This is meeting car makers’ own announced average EV share for Europe in 2025 (20%).