Since the 1990s, international climate agreements have largely taken a country-by-country approach to mitigating climate change. However, in recent years, the conclusion of numerous bilateral or regional trade and investment agreements has led to an exponential growth in the global flows of goods and capital across borders. This growth has translated into a significant increase in emissions that cannot be bound to a single country. Thus, actions designed to tackle climate change require a new set of tools and strategies. The following joint-report offers a set of complementary options that could be implemented to tackle climate impacts.
EU governments and MEPs last night agreed that Europe should act on shipping emissions from 2023 if the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) fails to deliver effective global measures. Green transport group Transport & Environment (T&E) welcomed the agreement on an urgent environmental and sovereignty issue. It said Europe cannot indefinitely outsource its climate responsibility to the IMO given that the UN agency has repeatedly shown itself incapable of delivering the required level of ambition.
Carbon offsets excluded under EU climate laws are being purchased by airports to help them achieve a voluntary target of ‘carbon neutrality’, it has emerged. Research conducted by T&E found that the Airport Carbon Accreditation (ACA) programme has only vague guidelines on what types of offsets may be used and airports are not required to publicly disclose which offsets they purchase.
Flights to and from Europe are set to be excluded from the EU emissions trading system (ETS) until the end of 2023 after a provisional agreement was reached between MEPs, governments and the European Commission. Meanwhile, for the first time there will be a cap on European aviation emissions, which would be progressively reduced from 2021. T&E said that this is very important since the question now shifts from ‘if’ to ‘how’ aviation decarbonises.
The agreement reached last night between EU institutions regarding aviation’s inclusion in Europe’s emissions trading scheme (EU ETS) introduces some welcome improvements to the original proposal but much more is needed, sustainable transport group Transport & Environment (T&E) has said.
Flights to and from Europe are set to lose an indefinite exemption from the EU emissions trading system (ETS) after MEPs voted to limit the arrangement until 2021. The European Parliament made its decision pending further information about the UN aviation body ICAO’s own global offsetting measure known as ‘CORSIA’.
Biased regulations and unfair taxes have skewed the car market in Europe in favour of diesels, a new study has found. Diesel engine cars account for around half of sales in the EU while in the rest of the world they are a niche product.
The Energy Taxation Directive has not been reviewed since 2003. It needs to be updated and adapted to current circumstances. A shift towards greener taxation can (among other things) help fight climate change, reduce labour taxes and boost the economy. In this document you can read T&E’s views on how to improve the Energy Taxation Directive.
On 31 May 2017, the European Commission published its proposal to review the ‘Eurovignette’ Directive. The Directive defines how Member States of the European Union can charge vehicles for their use of road infrastructure and was conceived to ensure the proper functioning of the EU transport market. Transport accounts for around a quarter of EU GHG emissions. Meanwhile air pollution from road transport contributes to over 400,000 premature deaths per year, 26,000 people die in traffic annually, and the EU economy loses €100 bn every year in congestion. This briefing outlines why road charging is a key instrument to tackle this.
The EU should have sustainability criteria when considering anti-dumping duties for imports of biodiesel, such as those from Argentina, so that biofuels that emit more carbon than fossil fuels are kept out, sustainable transport group Transport & Environment (T&E) has said. Today European governments decided to significantly lower the duties (to between 4.5 and 8.1%) on Argentine biodiesel following a ruling by the World Trade Organisation (WTO) striking them down. T&E said the EU must show coherence in its trade and climate policies.