This paper provides a number of recommendations for the implementation of the Alternative Fuel Infrastructure (AFI) Directive and more specifically for a innovation-oriented implementation of standards mandated by the AFI Directive, namely the deployment of normal- and high-power recharging infrastructure, intermodal electro-mobility synergies, as well as smart charging and payment solutions. If left unchecked, these issues could have negative consequences for the wider uptake of electro-mobility.
In April 2015, Norway reached its goal of bringing 50,000 electric cars onto the streets – three years earlier than planned thanks to a generous scheme of incentives. Today more than 120,000 electric vehicles are driving on Norwegian roads. However, not every incentive works out as it should, so what the European Union can learn from the Scandinavian state?
New independent research points to carmakers again manipulating official tests – this time on safety by adjusting indirect tyre pressure monitoring systems (TPMS) to pass the lab test but failing to perform on the road. The TPMS are designed to alert the driver when their tyres are deflating or are at a dangerously low pressure, but €10-cheaper indirect systems have failed most of the on-road tests commissioned by green group Transport & Environment (T&E), putting drivers, passengers, pedestrians and cyclists at greater risk of dangerous blow-outs.
Tyre pressure monitoring systems (TPMS) designed to alert the driver when their tyres are deflating or at a dangerously low pressure have been mandatory in passenger cars in Europe since 2014. T&E has long been aware that the 'indirect' type of TPMS fails to deliver in real-world driving conditions, and is concerned that such systems could be optimised to pass the regulatory test but fail to perform appropriately on the road. We commissioned a set of tests on two vehicles equipped with such indirect systems to check their effectiveness. Both cars failed to pass most of the tests that slightly diverged from the prescribed protocol.
In this letter to the EU's Technical Committee on Motor Vehicles (TCMV), T&E outlines its main recommendations on the next step of the new Real-world Driving Emissions (RDE) that will be voted by national experts in December 2016.
Electric Vehicle (EV) sales in Europe doubled in 2015 to 145,000 new sales;
Europe is the second biggest EV market in the world;
Renault-Renault is the world’s biggest producer of battery electric cars;
Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV the biggest selling model in Europe;
Netherlands and Norway lead the pack in sales.
Electro-mobility offers an unequalled solution to make Europe’s transport more efficient and less polluting. But the market for electric vehicles (EVs - both battery and plug-in hybrids) has had several false dawns. Finally in 2015, sales of electric cars reached the important milestone of a 1% market share. Overall electric car sales doubled in 2015 to 145,000. The most recent data in 2016 suggests further growth in 2016. Sales year to date suggest significantly more than 200,000 plug-in vehicles will be sold in Europe this year taking the total number of EVs on the road to more than 500,000.