One of the key areas of debate in the REDII proposal is whether to introduce a national transport target in addition to one for advanced fuels. This briefing shows that the effect of a national transport target is to continue the support for food-based biofuels through the backdoor, going against their phase-out. This will also water down the greenhouse gas savings provided by the advanced fuels. Depending on the target levels and electricity multipliers, the contribution of food-based biofuels could grow, leading to further agricultural land expansion and direct and indirect land use change (ILUC).
This briefing for MEPs, ahead of a plenary debate on the European Commission’s '2nd Mobility Package', provides details on the proposed car and van CO2 target for 2025 and 2030 and why these lack the necessary ambition to meet the EU’s climate goals, specifically:• There will be a slow down in emissions cuts after 2021;• There is no ZEV mandate or penalty for failing to hit the goal;• There is no effective means to prevent test manipulation such as a real-world test.The briefing also provides information on the strengths and weaknesses of other elements of the package – the Clean Vehicles Directive and Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Action Plan – and suggests areas of questioning for the Commission.
Following the unhelpful intervention of the Juncker Cabinet it would be preferable to delay the proposal and negotiate on key points to produce a stronger outcome. The alternative is to issue a weak proposal that does not put the EU on a track to meet its climate goals and the EU industry on a path to becoming globally competitive and manufacturing new technology vehicles in the EU.
This briefing summarises the important lessons for design of future EU vehicle regulations that have been concluded from an extensive programme of more than 400 real world car tests. The tests have been performed on Peugeot Citroën Group (PSA) cars as part of programme conducted by PSA in collaboration with Transport & Environment, France Nature Environnement and Bureau Veritas. The purpose was to provide PSA customers with reliable real world information on fuel economy and emissions. The views expressed in this briefing are solely those of T&E, but a technical report agreed by PSA and T&E has already been published presenting the comprehensive data.
The forthcoming Commission proposal on CO2 standards for light duty vehicles needs to create a single European market for electro-mobility by setting a sales target for zero emission vehicles. With a Chinese EV quota coming in 2019, and the Californian scheme accelerating ZEV sales until 2025, policy makers now need to ensure Europe accelerates its transition to this key new technology to ensure its industry remains globally competitive and ZEVs are manufactured in the EU and not imported from China. Key elements of the ZEV Mandate should be:An ambition level for 2025 of 15-20% to ensure that the transport sectors’ climate targets are met. This is meeting car makers’ own announced average EV share for Europe in 2025 (20%).
The negotiations of the new Renewable Energy Directive for 2020-2030 have re-launched the debate on renewable energy in transport, notably on food-based biofuels. The impacts of the EU biofuels policy on climate and environment are poorly informed and understood. This briefing provides a reality check on 10 things that decision makers and citizens do not know about biofuels:1. Four in every five litres of biofuel in the EU is biodiesel2. Around half of EU production of crop biodiesel is based on imports of feedstock, not crops grown by EU farmers3. A third of EU crop biodiesel is made from palm oil, making drivers the top consumers of palm oil in Europe4. EU biodiesel production growth since 2009 has been based on imports and waste oils5. Of all EU rapeseed oil, 60% is consumed in the biodiesel sector6. Palm biodiesel is three times worse for the climate than fossil diesel7. Phasing out palm oil alone is not going to fix the biofuels policy8. The co-production of animal feed cannot justify the support for crop biofuels9. There is an acute lack of transparency about the biofuels used in the EU with data either unavailable or very hard to access10. Most drivers don’t know and are not told they are filling up their car tanks with vegetable oils and other food crops
Road transport is one of the few EU sectors where CO2 emissions continue to grow. To address the problem, the Commission plans to publish its proposals on car and van CO2 standards in November, followed by fuel efficiency standards for trucks in early 2018. Using its new EUTRM model, Transport & Environment has analysed the emission reductions of different ambition levels and their contribution to help achieve the 2030 non-ETS targets required from road transport. The key results are:
This paper analyses what the impact of the Effort Sharing Regulation (ESR) text proposed by the Estonian presidency, to be discussed by EU environment ministers on 13 October 2017, will be on greenhouse gas emissions. The conclusion is clear: the proposed text is far from reaching the maximum potential that this most important European climate reform could attain. Ministers have a last opportunity to try to increase the ambition of the text, to at least match the ambition of the European Parliament. Without an ambitious ESR, the chances of the EU sticking to the Paris agreement commitments decrease considerably.
Almost three-quarters (71%) of all new containerships, which emit around a quarter of global ship CO2 emissions, already comply with the post-2025 requirements of the IMO’s Energy Efficiency Design Index (EEDI), a new study reveals. Additionally, the best 10% of new containerships are already almost twice as efficient as the requirement for 10 years time. These findings are part of a study based on analysis of the International Maritime Organisation’s (IMO) own data and conducted by Transport & Environment (T&E), a founding member of the Clean Shipping Coalition (CSC).
The EU’s Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) determines how EU money is spent. The current €1 trillion budget runs from 2014 to 2020 with almost €100 billion earmarked for investment in the transport sector. The current MFF Regulation states that “the Commission should present a proposal for a new multiannual financial framework before 1 January 2018”. This budget would most likely start from 2021.
Transport is the largest source of EU emissions and accounts for around a quarter of EU GHG emissions. Meanwhile air pollution from road transport contributes to over 400.000 premature deaths per year, 26.000 people die in traffic annually and the EU economy loses €100 billion every year in congestion. A large portion of the EU’s budget is currently spent on expanding road infrastructure and building up fossil fuel infrastructure (e.g. LNG terminals). A future EU budget should invest tax payers money more carefully, and prioritize investment in infrastructure that reduces the environmental impact of transport and assists member states in reaching their climate goals. In this paper T&E outlines how part of the post-2020 budget should be allocated.