Shipping is one of the fastest growing sources of transport greenhouse gas emissions, and is also a major source of air pollution causing health problem, acid rain and eutrophication. Like aviation, the sector's international emissions were excluded from the 1997 Kyoto climate targets with responsibility instead handed to a UN global regulator, the IMO. T&E works, together with other members of the Clean Shipping Coalition, to reduce the air pollution and climate impacts of shipping globally and in Europe.
The Clean Shipping Coalition and other environmental NGOs wrote to the Secretary-General of the International Maritime Organisation expressing concern at recent statements that suggested the IMO Secretariat itself was taking a position to advance the review date for the availability of low-sulphur fuels.
The Clean Shipping Coalition supports in principle the efforts from the International Maritime Organisation to assess opportunities of reducing the administrative burden that could arise from the application of the relevant international conventions. However, we believe that this effort should not be used as a way to undermine the current regulatory framework nor to relax the necessary enforcement procedures.
In this letter to Russia's Permanent Representative to the European Union, Transport & Environment expresses its opposition to the expansion of oil drilling activity in the Arctic and the resulting increase in shipping. T&E also calls for the immediate release of 28 Greenpeace activists and two journalists being detained in Russia following a protest against Arctic drilling.
Shipping is the only sector without an EU cap on emissions. In 2009, the EU committed to include shipping in its climate policy but instead the Commission proposed last year only to monitor CO2 emissions. This briefing outlines why T&E believes the Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) proposal is a step in the right direction but lacks ambition and will have little impact if left unchanged. It explains why the MRV system should be broadened to also include SOx and NOx, and why unreliable monitoring methods should be removed and data transparency ensured.
At its 65th session, the Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC) of the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) reached an agreement in principle to postpone the international NOx emissions limits for new ships from 2016 to 2021. This IMO decision needs to be confirmed by vote at the next MEPC meeting in April 2014. This briefing outlines why T&E believes a strict NOx standard for shipping should not be delayed. International shipping is currently responsible for 50,000 premature deaths annually in Europe.
Shipping and aviation represented around 3.2 and 2.1 per cent respectively of global CO2 emissions in the mid-2000s. A wide range of projections and scenarios shows that both sectors are likely to grow over the coming decades with a resultant increase in CO2 emissions by 2050, despite various mitigation efforts.
Monitoring of fuel consumption and GHG emissions from international shipping is currently under discussion at the EU level as well as at the IMO. There are several approaches to monitoring, each with different characteristics. Important differences exist with regards to the costs of the equipment, operational costs, the accuracy of the measurements, and the potential to monitor emissions of gases other than CO2. Moreover, some approaches offer more opportunities to improve the operational fuel-efficiency of ships and fit better to possible future policies than others.The following report discusses these approaches.