As the decline of Arctic sea-ice continues, the prospect of an ice-free Arctic ocean in the near future draws closer. Arctic melting is seen by industry and some governments as an opportunity to develop human and exploitative activities in the region (oil and gas production, mining, shipping, tourism). But while Arctic melting is surely an effect of climate change, it is imperative that it does not become another cause of climate change. This vicious circle threatening the Arctic and the global ecosystems needs to be broken.
The European Commission should put in place measures to cut maritime
hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) emissions as part of its wider strategy to reduce
greenhouse gases from shipping. This is the ask a coalition of environmental NGOs have put forward in a letter to the EU's Directorate
General on Climate and Energy. HFCs are among the most damaging
This briefing covers the EU's draft proposal on cutting co2 emissions to 95g CO2 / km by 2020. It gives an overview of the benefits of regulating new car fuel efficiency and co2 emissions and examines whether past claims made by the automotive industry about the impact of such legislation actually came true.
This briefing from BirdLife Europe, CEE Bankwatch, Friends of the Earth Europe, T&E and WWF explains how EU transport spending under the Trans-European Transport Networks (TEN-T) and Connecting Europe Facility (CEF) programmes could be made more effective, economically viable and sustainable.A full-length version of this analysis is also available.
This briefing gives an overview of reducing transport fuel emissions within the EU's fuel quality directive. In particular it examines the importance of giving high carbon sources such as tar sands and coal-to-liquid higher carbon values.
Two EU laws adopted in 2009 promote the use of biofuels in the EU, ostensibly for the purpose of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the transport sector. However, both the Renewable Energy Directive (RED) and Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) could lead to higher, not lower greenhouse gas emissions unless the issue of Indirect Land Use Change (ILUC)