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Nisipurile Bituminoase si Directiva Privind Calitatea Carburantilor

Despre ce este vorba: Directiva privind Calitatea Carburantilor stabileste o tinta de 6% de reducere a intensitatii emisiilor de carbon pentru toti carburantii din transport, care sa fie atinsa pana in 2020. Aceasta tinta este neutra tehnologic, insemnand ca industria poate alege cea mai eficienta cale pentru a o atinge. Spre exemplu, acestia pot furniza carburanti cu intensitate mica de carbon, precum biocombustibili sustenabili sau electricitate din surse regenerabile.

Despre ce nu este vorba: Propunerea Comisiei pentru implementarea Directivei privind Calitatea Carburantilor aloca valori de intensitate a carbonului pentru fiecare sursa de combustibili fosili, precum nisipurile bituminoase, carbunele lichid, titeiul de sist, gazul lichefiat si titeiul conventional. Aceasta nu discrimineaza intre surse pe baza locatiei geografice. Titeiul de sist primeste o valoare mai mare a intensitatii carbonului decat nisipurile bituminoase. “Valorea implicita” pentru nisipurile bituminoase nu se aplica numai celor din Canada, dar tuturor carburantilor produsi din nisipuri bituminoase oriunde pe glob, incluzand tari ca Venezuela, Rusia, Madagascar si Statele Unite.

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Sables bitumineux et directive sur la qualité des carburants – de quoi sagit-il?

Contenu et objectifs: La Directive sur la qualité des carburants - FQD pour ses sigles en anglais - fixe comme objectif de diminuer de 6 %, d’ici 2020, l’intensité carbone des carburants utilisés dans les transports. C’est un objectif technologiquement neutre puisqu’il laisse aux industriels le choix parmi tout un éventail d’options pour y parvenir de la manière la plus rentable. Une de ces possibilités consiste à fournir des carburants moins carbonés, comme l’électricité propre.

Les faux débats: La Commission propose pour la mise en œuvre de la FQD d’attribuer une intensité carbone à toutes les sources de carburants, qu’il s’agisse des sables bitumineux, du charbon liquéfié, des schistes bitumineux, du gaz liquéfié ou du pétrole conventionnel. Elle NE fait PAS de distinction entre les sources sur la base de leur origine géographique. Il s’agit uniquement de l‘intensité carbone de chaque source de carburants. Avec cette proposition, les schistes bitumineux ont un taux d’intensité carbone plus élevé que les sables bitumineux. La «valeur par défaut» spécifique pour les sables bitumineux, NE s’applique PAS seulement au pétrole canadien, mais à tous les carburants qui sont produits à partir de sables bitumineux, où que ce soit dans le monde, y compris au Venezuela, en Russie, à Madagascar et aux États-Unis.

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‘Vested interests’ set back good biofuels

Efforts to allow biofuels to make a meaningful contribution to fighting climate change have suffered a major setback. A vote by MEPs earlier this month – in somewhat farcical circumstances – effectively means there may be no agreement on encouraging good biofuels that reduce greenhouse gas emissions before the elections of the European Parliament next year. T&E has described the situation as ‘pitiful’ and ‘a victory for vested interests over innovators’.

Nobel laureates demand Commission action on tar sands

Twenty-one Nobel prize winners have urged the EU to immediately implement the Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) which would label tar sands as dirtier than other fuels. ‘The extraction of unconventional fuels – such as oil sands and oil shale – is having a particularly devastating impact on climate change,’ wrote the laureates in a letter to European commissioners and environment ministers earlier this month.

Decision on the future of EU biofuels delayed until 2015

The Environment Committee of the European Parliament today refused to allow the rapporteur of the biofuels draft law, MEP Corinne Lepage, to start negotiations with member states in a fast second-reading procedure. This procedural vote has important consequences because it means a decision on the future of biofuels in Europe is unlikely to be taken before 2015.

Tar sands and the Fuel Quality Directive - what is it all about?

What it IS about: The Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) sets a 6% reduction target in the carbon intensity of transport fuels to be met by 2020. This is a technology-neutral target that leaves to the industry a range of options to meet it in the most cost-effective way. What it's NOT about: The Commission proposal to implement the FQD assigns carbon intensity to all fossil fuel feedstocks, namely: tar sands, coal-to-liquid, oil shale, gas-to-liquid and conventional oil. It does NOT discriminate between sources on the basis of geographical locations; it’s all about the carbon intensity of each fuel source.

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Vote on biofuels creates more uncertainty

The vote in the European Parliament’s plenary session in September put EU biofuels policy a step closer to being environmentally useful, but it will likely lead to delays in final agreement, which creates further uncertainty for the industry. MEPs voted to limit the use of land-based biofuels and to recognise the problem of indirect land-use change (ILUC) in future biofuels laws. But they failed to give a negotiating mandate, which would enable all institutions to conclude the agreement before the next year’s elections.

European Parliament vote leaves biofuels up in the air

The European Parliament voted today to limit the expansion of land-based biofuels, but did not give the rapporteur of the file, MEP Corinne Lepage, a mandate to negotiate the agreement with the EU countries and the European Commission. This creates further uncertainty on the future of biofuels in Europe.

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