Browse by topic: Publication, Climate Change and Energy, Standards


Explanatory note: Comparing US and EU truck fuel economy

Sketch of a book (default image for publications

In June 2015, the US Environmental Protection Agency announced phase II of fuel efficiency standards for medium and heavy-duty trucks, intended to reduce planet-warming carbon pollution. In the US tractor-trailers average between 33-36l/100km. The new proposal will bring that down to below 27l/100km by 2027. This explanatory note details how US trucks will overtake European lorries as the most efficient in the world.

Public consultations on the Effort Sharing Decision and Land use, Land Use Change and Forestry

Sketch of a book (default image for publications

In these documents, T&E responds to the public consultations on the EU Effort Sharing Decision (ESD) and Land use, Land Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF). As transport is currently the largest sector within the ESD, it is vital to have a strong ESD with limited flexibilities to avoid watering down the EU climate targets and to achieve reductions in the transport sector. The way LULUCF is dealt with is also fundamental to avoiding a decrease in the level of ambition in sectors such as transport. For these reasons, T&E provided input to both consultations in close coordination with other environmental NGOs.

2025 CO2 Regulation: the next step to tackling transport emissions

Sketch of a book (default image for publications

This briefing paper explains why setting 2025 CO2 standards for cars and vans offers benefits for drivers in lower fuel costs, job creation, energy security and tackling climate change. It is available in full and summarised versions. The paper highlights how the EU is falling behind in developing advanced efficient powertrains compared to competitors in Asia; and that due to testing flexibilities by 2021 the average vehicle is still likely to emit 150g CO2/km – meaning less than half of the anticipated savings through the regulation will be delivered.

Discussing the VECTO test to measure CO2 emissions from trucks and buses

Sketch of a book (default image for publications

The European Commission has developed a test procedure called VECTO to measure CO2 emissions from new trucks and buses. The VECTO test procedure is a simulation tool that aims to provide truck buyers with accurate fuel consumption information. The details of the test procedure are currently being discussed in a DG GROWTH expert committee and the final legislative proposal is expected in mid-2016. In this submission, T&E advocates a truck CO2 test procedure that is reliable, transparent and easy to use for third parties. T&E also demands that the VECTO simulation results be verified through a form of testing for real-world compliance.

Aviation competitiveness submission

Sketch of a book (default image for publications

T&E provided a detailed submission to the European Commission's public consultation on aviation competitiveness, which closed on 10 June 2015. T&E's response to this consultation is to call for the EU to adopt measures that create a more efficient aviation sector, making EU operators the market leaders globally. This includes adopting the most effective environmental standards possible, ending inefficient subsidies to operators and airports and adopting a common EU negotiating position for air service agreements to prevent excess capacity in the European market. With aviation emissions projected to grow considerably by 2030, such measures are necessary to meet the EU's ambitious climate objectives.

How clean are Europe’s cars 2015

The EU set legally-binding targets for new cars to emit on average 130 grams of CO₂ per kilometre (g/km) by 2015 and 95g/km by 2021. This report, the 10th annual edition in the series by T&E, analyses the official data from the European Environment Agency on progress towards these targets made by carmakers in 2014. Click below to download the report and infographic.

Letter to European Commission and ministers on why Europe must push for an environmentally effective ICAO CO2 standard

Sketch of a book (default image for publications

Ahead of the crucial meetings of the UN aviation body, ICAO, in July 2015 and again in February 2016 and at its assembly in October 2016, Aviation Environment Federation (AEF) and T&E are calling on Europe to push for an environmentally effective ICAO CO2 standard. In this letter to EU climate and transport ministers and European Commissioners Miguel Arias Cañete and Violeta Bulc, the two groups say the EU and the US need to work together to ensure a standard that actually reduces emissions. Otherwise the two markets should work together on their own standard, since they are over half of the global market.

Road to 2030: how EU vehicle efficiency standards help member states meet climate targets

Sketch of a book (default image for publications

This paper attempts to quantify the challenge for EU member states in reducing transport emissions under the expected 2030 ‘effort sharing decision’ and the extent to which CO2 standards for cars, vans and trucks can help achieve those targets.