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FQD - Fuel Quality Directive or Frequently and Quietly Delayed?

The Fuel Quality Directive (known in the Brussels bubble by the acronym FQD) is the missing link in the Barroso Commission's 2020 climate and energy package. This law aims to reduce the carbon intensity of Europe's transport fuels by 6% by 2020. But its real impact depends on its ‘implementing measures’. These measures rank different types of biofuels and fossil fuels based on their greenhouse gas emissions. They also set up rules requiring oil companies to report the carbon intensity of the fuel they supply. Because of fierce lobbying by oil companies and the Canadian government, the FQD remains unimplemented to this day. This timeline shows the delayed progress of the FQD.

Request for Commission internal review on delay of Fuel Quality Directive proposal

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The European Commission has delayed for years in proposing the implementing measures for article 7a of the Fuel Quality Directive - the only law that would lower emissions from transport fuels. This request for an internal review of the failure to submit a new proposal was sent to the Commission in January 2014 by Transport & Environment, Friends of the Earth Europe and Greenpeace. We are still waiting for a response. For more information on the Fuel Quality Directive and the delay - see our timeline.

NRDC report on increased tar sands imports to Europe

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Figures released in the attached study by the US Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) show that if Europe does not act, its imports of tar sands, one of the dirtiest fossil fuels, would likely skyrocket from about 4,000 barrels per day (bpd) in 2012 to over 700,000 bpd in 2020. 

Civil society and industry urge Barroso to maintain the Fuel Quality Directive post-2020

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Ahead of the publication of the EU's Climate and Energy Strategy for 2030, civil society organisations and industry wrote to Commission President José Manuel Barroso urging him to maintain the Fuel Quality Directive as an important tool in the post-2020 decarbonisation framework. They called on the Commission to produce a proper impact assessment and initiate a public consultation on how this policy should be improved and continued.

Analysis of options for full implementation of the Fuel Quality Directive

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This analysis, shared in April stakeholder meetings in 2013 by the Commission, looks at regulatory options and financial and greenhouse gas impacts of implementation of the reporting methods of the Fuel Quality Directive.

Implementation of the Fuel Quality Directive

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In 2009, the EU revised the Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) and set out a new target in its Article 7a to reduce the carbon intensity (CO2 emissions) of road transport fuels by 6% between 2010 and 2020. However, in the absence of implementation provisions this target is still not in force – 4 years on. We are concerned that Europe’s oil supply is in fact “recarbonising” – despite the FQD target. Without further action, the EU will increase its use of fuels produced from tar sands and oil shale, according to the Commission’s Impact Assessment study.

New call for tender for study on energy crops in Europe

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Transport & Environment, BirdLife Europe and the European Environmental Bureau would like to commission a study to analyse the sustainable potential of energy biomass (specifically energy crops, short rotation coppice and forests) as a source of bioenergy in Europe.

Las arenas bituminosas y la Directiva sobre la Calidad de los Combustibles

Lo que es: La Directiva relativa a la Calidad de los Combustibles (FQD) establece para 2020 el objetivo de reducir en un 6% las emisiones de carbono de combustibles de transporte. Se trata de un objetivo acorde a la neutralidad tecnológica que deja a la industria una gama de opciones para cumplirlo de la forma económicamente más rentable. Una de estas formas es suministrando combustibles alternativos bajos en carbono como los biocombustibles sostenibles o la electricidad limpia.

Lo que no es: La propuesta de la Comisión de implementar la FQD asigna la intensidad de carbono a todas las materias primas de combustibles fósiles, concretamente, las arenas bituminosas, el carbón líquido, los esquistos bituminosos, el gas licuado y el petróleo convencional. NO discrimina los recursos según su localización geográfica; sólo se trata de la intensidad de carbono de cada fuente de combustible. Conforme a esta propuesta, los esquistos bituminosos tienen un valor de intensidad de carbono más alto que las arenas bituminosas. El «valor predeterminado» para las arenas bituminosas NO sólo está establecido para el petróleo canadiense, sino también para todos los combustibles que provengan de arenas bituminosas de cualquier parte del mundo, incluyendo Venezuela, Rusia, Madagascar y los EE.UU.

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Nisipurile Bituminoase si Directiva Privind Calitatea Carburantilor

Despre ce este vorba: Directiva privind Calitatea Carburantilor stabileste o tinta de 6% de reducere a intensitatii emisiilor de carbon pentru toti carburantii din transport, care sa fie atinsa pana in 2020. Aceasta tinta este neutra tehnologic, insemnand ca industria poate alege cea mai eficienta cale pentru a o atinge. Spre exemplu, acestia pot furniza carburanti cu intensitate mica de carbon, precum biocombustibili sustenabili sau electricitate din surse regenerabile.

Despre ce nu este vorba: Propunerea Comisiei pentru implementarea Directivei privind Calitatea Carburantilor aloca valori de intensitate a carbonului pentru fiecare sursa de combustibili fosili, precum nisipurile bituminoase, carbunele lichid, titeiul de sist, gazul lichefiat si titeiul conventional. Aceasta nu discrimineaza intre surse pe baza locatiei geografice. Titeiul de sist primeste o valoare mai mare a intensitatii carbonului decat nisipurile bituminoase. “Valorea implicita” pentru nisipurile bituminoase nu se aplica numai celor din Canada, dar tuturor carburantilor produsi din nisipuri bituminoase oriunde pe glob, incluzand tari ca Venezuela, Rusia, Madagascar si Statele Unite.

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