Browse by topic: Consultant report

Filters:

Report: Sustainable Alternatives for Land-based Biofuels in the European Union

Sketch of a book (default image for publications

Putting EU green transport policy back on trackEuropean countries are ramping up biofuel use in an effort to meet their obligations under EU objectives to decarbonise energy in the transport sector. But green transport targets for 2020 in the renewable energy directive (RED) and fuel quality directive (FQD) have largely served to incentivise damaging technologies, in particular unsustainable “land-based biofuels” [1].

Road Vehicle Noise versus fuel consumption and pollutants emissions

Sketch of a book (default image for publications

In the context of the European Parliament’s Environment, Public Health and Food Safety Committee (ENVI) vote on a Commission proposal [COM (2011) 856] for a Regulation on the sound levels of motor vehicles, this new study from TNO, independent experts that advise the Commission on both noise and CO2 regulations, shows that synergies between making cars mo

CE Delft literature review on employment impacts of GHG reduction policies for transport

Sketch of a book (default image for publications

Recently a large number of studies have been published that claim that accelerated uptake of electrical vehicles (EVs) and fuel efficient cars in the market for automotive transport may have positive employment benefits.

WTO implications of reporting measures for tar sands under the Fuel Quality Directive

Sketch of a book (default image for publications

To measure progress toward the FQD GHG emissions reduction target, the European Commission is designing reporting measures which will outline default values for the lifecycle GHG emissions of transport fuels derived from different sources, including fuels produced from unconventional feedstocks such as tar sands. Several questions have arisen whether the reporting measures and the inclusion of a default value for tar sands comply with World Trade Organization (WTO) rules and jurisprudence, namely the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and case law.

Report on the administrative burden of the Fuel Quality Directive

Sketch of a book (default image for publications

This report investigates into the extra cost that the implementing measures of the Fuel Quality Directive - if they are adopted according to the proposal of the European Commission - will imply for the oil industry and for the whole supply chain. It finds out that - for a typical 50-litre fuel fill-up - the added cost for consumer would be of half a Eurocent.

Assessing grandfathering options under an EU ILUC policy

This report investigates how grandfathering provisions for exising biofuels production in the Renewable Energy Directive (RED) can be best implemented to minimise damage to the environment.  The consultants also considered the economic and political implications of the various options examined. 

Regulated Slow Steaming in Maritime Transport: An Assessment of Options, Costs and Benefits

This report studies the impacts of vessel speed on emissions, technical constraints and other experiences with regard to slow steaming and current speed regulations. Moreover, it analyses the legal feasibility of speed limits and feasibility of implementation, possible policy designs and the associated social costs and benefits of speed limits.

Design of a (Lorry) Tractor for Optimised Safety and Fuel Consumption

T&E / FKA smart lorry cab design

With both safety and environmental challenges in mind, T&E commissioned an independent study from the automotive research institute FKA aimed at identifying the optimal shape and dimensions of a tractor (the part of the lorry that pulls the trailer), integrating new aerodynamic solutions and improving both active and passive safety.

Anticipated Indirect Land Use Change Associated with Expanded Use of Biofuels in the EU

Sketch of a book (default image for publications

This study estimates the environmental impact of Indirect Land Use Change (ILUC) associated with the increased use of conventional biofuels that EU Member States have planned for within their National Renewable Energy Action Plans (NREAPs).

Pages