A study by the Commission's transport directorate and the Joint Research Centre of Sevilla says the overall benefits of charging vehicles for their external costs outweigh the limited negative price impacts on individual transport operators.
Charging lorries for their external costs could contribute significantly to reducing CO2 emissions from transport, according to a study from the University of Karlsruhe for the Community of European Railways.
France is set to become the fifth EU member to introduce a nationwide heavy goods vehicle charge. But late concessions and a provision for ‘earmarking’ revenues have dampened environmental campaigners’ enthusiasm for the scheme.
This briefing outlines how the planned French road charging system for lorries will compare to the national lorry tolling schemes already in operation in Germany, Austria, the Czech Republic and Switzerland.
The idea of ‘green taxation’ appears to be losing
popularity, and the growing appeal of emissions trading may be responsible. The EU’s statistical office Eurostat says green taxes measured as a proportion of GDP fell to an eight-year low of
2.5% in 2007, with taxation on transport accounting for just a quarter of that.