An in-depth look at the revised Eurovignette directive on road tolls for lorries. Includes the state-of-the-art for road charging schemes across the EU-27 and opportunities for implementing new schemes.
Traffic speed is a key variable in transport policy. Speed plays a dominant role in a string of transport indicators such as mobility demand, fuel consumption and CO2 emissions, air pollution, noise, safety and congestion. This short paper takes reducing CO2 emissions as a primary angle.